English has a root word “fuse” that comes from Latin that means to “pour”.  This root word gives us many related words.  Here are a few:

  1. fuse (z) (noun) = an electrical component that can automatically stop the flow of electricity if the electrical current “pouring” through it is too much
  2. to fuse (z) = to melt two things together, as in two metals fusing to form an alloy (to “pour together”)
  3. to defuse (z) = to calm down an explosive/emotion-filled situation; to disarm a bomb so it can’t explode (to “pour away” as in discard)
  4. to effuse (z)= to emote; to display strong emotion (to “pour out”)
  5. to infuse (z) = to fill someone with spirit or emotion (to “pour in”)
  6. to refuse (z) = to decline an offer; to say no (to “pour back”)
  7. to suffuse (z) = to spread throughout something in the manner of a fluid or light (to “flow under”)
  8. profuse (s) (adj) = abundant, excessive (to “pour forth”)

Let’s try to put these together into a silly story for practice:

Silly Story

This story is about a police bomb squad.  It was one member’s turn to be sent out to try to defuse a bomb that had been found in the middle of a crowded street.  He refused to go on this particular day because it was his child’s birthday.  He effused that it was a day suffused with joy and happiness, and he didn’t want to risk his life and possibly die on such a happy day for his family.  He apologized profusely to his teammates.  They were so infused with sympathy for him that another squad member volunteered to go in his place.